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Tadeusz Kosciuszko

Tadeusz Kosciuszko
Tadeusz Kosciuszko

Tadeusz Kosciuszko, political and military figure of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Rzeczpospolita), leader of the rebellion in 1794. National hero of Belarus, Poland and the USA, honorary citizen of France.

Born in the village of Merechevshchina in 1746, Ivatsevichi district, the Brest region.

In 1776-1783 he volunteered to participate in the War of Independence in the USA. He returned home in 1784 and joined the Polish army in 1789. He was declared commander and head of the rebellion of the year 1794. In the battle of Matchevitz (1794) he was heavily wounded, captured and imprisoned in the Peter and Paul Fortress. He was released in 1796 and went to the USA.  He returned to Europe in 1798.

He died in Switzerland in 1817, and is interred in Krakow.

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