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Key facts about Belarus

Belarus on the map of Europe
Belarus on the map of Europe

An introduction in facts and figures to this landlocked country in the north-east of Europe

Official Name

Republic of Belarus

President of Belarus

Alexander Lukashenko (1994 - present )

Prime Minister of Belarus

Andrei Kobyakov (2014 - present )

Total land area of Belarus

207,600 km²

Nationality of Belarus

Population – 9.495,5 million (on 1 July 2017)

  • Life expectancy at birth – 73.2 years
  • Population living in cities – 77.9%
  • The capital is Minsk – 1.974,8 million inhabitants

Regional centres of Belarus (on 1 January 2017):

  • Brest Oblast – 1.386,4 million inhabitants          (Brest – 340 thousand) 
  • Vitebsk Oblast  1.188,0 million inhabitants          (Vitebsk – 376 thousand)  
  • Gomel Oblast  – 1.420,6 million inhabitants          (Gomel – 531 thousand) 
  • Grodno Oblast – 1.047,5 million inhabitants          (Grodno – 366 thousand)
  • Mogilev Oblast – 1.064,4 million inhabitants          (Mogilev – 378 thousand)
  • Minsk Oblast – 1.423,0 million inhabitants

Ethnicity

Belarusian
Russian
Polish
Ukrainian
Jewish

83.7%
8.3%
3.1%
1.7%
0.1%

(Source: 2009 census)

Languages spoken in Belarus

Belarusian and Russian

National holidays in Belarus

Independence Day, 3 July

Currency of Belarus

Belarusian rouble (Br)

Economic indicators

GDP (2016) Br94.3 billion; per capita: Br9.9 thousand

Commodity structure of export (2016):

  • mineral products – 21.6%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 20.2%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 18.4%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 6.9%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 17.5%
  • others – 15.4%

Commodity structure of import (2016):

  • mineral products – 27.5%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 22.8%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 8.1%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 15.0%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 14.6%
  • others – 11.0%

Main Business Partners of Belarus (2016)

  • Russia
  • Ukraine 
  • China
  • United Kingdom 
  • Germany 
  • Poland
  • Netherlands 
  • Lithuania
  • Turkey
  • Italy

Main Industries of Belarus

  • metallurgical
  • mechanical engineering, including tractors and agricultural, cars, machine-tool constructing and tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering, electro technical, electronic, optics-mechanical industry; and metal working
  • chemical and petrochemical
  • light industry
  • food industry

Area of farmland in Belarus

8582 thousands hectares (on 1 January 2016)

Agriculture

Areas of speciality in agriculture: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry

Natural resources

  • wood
  • peat
  • potash and rock salts
  • small oil and natural gas fields
  • granite
  • dolomite
  • limestone
  • clay
  • sand

Number of people in employment

4.4 million (2016)

Breakdown of employed population by type of economic activity (2016):

  • production sector – 23.3%
  • agriculture, hunting, forestry industry – 9.6%
  • civil engineering – 7.3%
  • transportation and communication – 6.7%
  • retail; repairs of automobiles, household goods, and personal-use items – 14.5%
  • education – 10.2%
  • others – 28.4%

Unemployment in Belarus

45.2 thousand unemployed (2016)

Communications

Number of mobile communication subscribers – 11.4 million.

Penetration of LTE-powered mobile communication services – 60%. At present the services are available in Minsk and all the oblast capitals as well as major district capitals across the country.

Number of fixed telephony subscribers – 47.5 phones per 100 residents.

Number of Internet service subscribers and users  – over 11 million, including over 3 million of fixed broadband Internet access subscribers. According to the International Telecommunication Union, in 2016 Belarus was ranked 23rd by the number of broadband subscribers.

International bandwidth – 1,110Gbps.

According to a research by the International Bureau of the Universal Postal Union, the Republic of Belarus is ranked 3rd among 87 countries in the development of digital postal services.

Transportation

Railways – 5480 km, including 1131 km of electric track

Highways – 101,600 km, including paved roads 87,700 km

Oil pipelines – 2,983 km

Gas pipelines – 7,837 km

Great Patriotic War monuments in Belarus
Visiting Belarus without a visa: 5 days for citizens of 80 countries
Toll roads in Belarus