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Key facts about Belarus

Belarus on the map of Europe
Belarus on the map of Europe

An introduction in facts and figures to this landlocked country in the north-east of Europe

Official Name

Republic of Belarus

President of Belarus

Alexander Lukashenko (1994 - present )

Prime Minister of Belarus

Mikhail Myasnikovich (2010)

Total land area of Belarus

207,600 km²

Nationality of Belarus

Population – 9.468,2 million (on 1 January 2014)

  • Life expectancy at birth – 72.6 years
  • Population living in cities – 76.8%
  • The capital is Minsk – 1.921,8 million inhabitants

Regional centres of Belarus (on 1 January 2014):

  • Brest Oblast – 1.388,5 million inhabitants          (Brest – 331 thousand) 
  • Vitebsk Oblast  1.202,1 million inhabitants          (Vitebsk – 363 thousand)  
  • Gomel Oblast  – 1.425,6 million inhabitants          (Gomel – 512 thousand) 
  • Grodno Oblast – 1.054,9 million inhabitants          (Grodno – 357 thousand)
  • Mogilev Oblast – 1.072,6 million inhabitants          (Mogilev – 371 thousand)
  • Minsk Oblast – 1.402,7 million inhabitants

Ethnicity

Belarusian
Russian
Polish
Ukrainian
Jewish

83.7%
8.3%
3.1%
1.7%
0.1%

(Source: 2009 census)

Languages spoken in Belarus

Belarusian and Russian

National holidays in Belarus

Independence Day, 3 July

Currency of Belarus

Belarusian rouble (Br)

Economic indicators

GNP (2013) Br636784 billion; per capita: Br67271 thousand

Commodity structure of export (2013):

  • mineral products – 36.0%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 21,6%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 17,9%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 5,5%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 10,7%
  • others – 8,3%

Commodity structure of import (2013):

  • mineral products – 39,4%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 22,9%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 10,0%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 12,3%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 7,8%
  • others – 7,5%

Main Business Partners of Belarus (2013)

  • Russia
  • Ukraine 
  • Germany 
  • Netherlands 
  • China
  • Poland 
  • Italy
  • Lithuania

Main Industries of Belarus

  • metallurgical
  • mechanical engineering, including tractors and agricultural, cars, machine-tool constructing and tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering, electro technical, electronic, optics-mechanical industry; and metal working
  • chemical and petrochemical
  • light industry
  • food industry

Area of farmland in Belarus

8726 thousands hectares (on 1 January 2014)

Agriculture

Areas of speciality in agriculture: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry

Natural resources

  • wood
  • peat
  • small oil and natural gas fields
  • granite
  • dolomite
  • limestone
  • clay
  • sand

Number of people in employment

4.6 million (2013)

Breakdown of employed population by type of economic activity (2013):

  • production sector – 25.2%
  • agriculture, hunting, forestry industry – 9.5%
  • civil engineering – 8.0%
  • transportation and communication – 7.5%
  • retail; repairs of automobiles, household goods, and personal-use items – 14.3%
  • education – 9.8%
  • healthcare and social services – 7.0%
  • others – 18.7%

Unemployment in Belarus

20,9 thousand unemployed (2013)

Communication Facilities in Belarus

Telephone (2013): main telephone equipment – about 4.4 million, mobile subscribers – 11.1 million

Internet users (2014): more than 8.4 million

In terms of overall postal e-services development, the Universal Postal Union index places Belarus in the top ten (2011).

Transportation

Railways – 5490 km, including 1013km of electric track

Highways – 101,000 km. Including paved roads 75,300 km

Oil pipelines – 2,983 km

Gas pipelines – 7,837 km

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