The Minsk metro is the country’s only metro. It is the most convenient and fastest way of travel in the Belarusian capital. Every year about 800,000 passengers travel by metro.
The construction of the metro in Minsk began in 1977. 30 June 1984 saw the launch of the regular train service along the first line from the station Institut Kultury to the station Moskovskaya. The Minsk metro was the ninth metro system built in the USSR.
A peculiarity of the Minsk metro is its close proximity to the surface: due to the level of ground waters Minsk metro stations are located closer to the surface (10-17 meters).
In order to keep the city’s architectural outlook intact, the tunnels and the stations were built with a high degree of reliability and precision in mind. Every metro station has its own inimitable architectural outlook.
In 1990 part of the second line from the station Traktorny Zavod to the station Frunzenskaya was opened. Later on the two lines of the Minsk metro grew longer while new tunnels and stations continue being built today.
The development plan, which runs till 2030, envisages the Minsk metro system as three lines as long as 59km in addition to 45 stations.
By the number of transported passengers the Minsk metro ranks 4th among 16 metro systems of the Commonwealth of Independent States. The Minsk metro falls behind only the metro systems of Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Kyiv.
The modern Minsk metro comprises:
Minsk metro stations are convenient for passengers. You can get into the underground using stairs while entrance halls of nine stations are equipped with escalators. Apart from that, most the stations have lifts or elevators for low-mobility passengers.
Limiting lines are installed along the edge of the metro platforms for visually challenged people to get their bearings.
Mobile phone service is available from the main mobile carriers at all the metro stations.
Signs bearing names of metro lines and stations are located at platforms while signs with names of streets and other landmarks (shops, theaters, stadiums, mass transit system stops) are located at exits from metro stations.
Minsk metro stations are open to passengers from 05:30 in the morning till 01:00 in the night.
Time between trains:
To pay for passage in the Minsk metro you can use:
Before you board a train you have to buy either a token or a card and pass through the ticket barrier, which is fitted with token slots and scanning machines.
One token is designed for one trip of any length from the time you enter the metro and till you leave. One token costs Br0,55 (about $0.30).
Contactless smart cards come with a deposit fee. They are programmed to be used within the paid-up period:
Apart from that, tickets valid for a specified number of trips are available: 5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, or 60 trips. Radio cards are valid for 60 days after activation.
If you transfer to another metro line you do not have to pay extra.
You can also buy modern seasonal passes for several kinds of transportation (metro, bus, trolleybus, and tram) that you can mix and choose in metro ticket offices.
All the Minsk metro stations are fitted with CCTV and the records are kept for at least 72 hours. Video cameras have been installed in railway cars, too.
Passengers can use emergency communication devices at metro stations to summon police or the station’s duty officer. The same devices can be used in railway cars to contact the train driver.
Dedicated security officers are stationed in entrance halls, at platforms, and in passages in addition to police personnel.
The metro system operating company runs a microclimate analysis lab that tracks the concentration of chemical substances in the air every day.
Minsk metro stations are fitted with blast inhibitors.
For security purposes the Minsk metro uses metal detectors and scanners. Stations with heavy passenger traffic have dedicated personal examination areas where security personnel can examine large bags of passengers.