Belarusian labor laws – employment, retirement, salaries and so on.
If you’re planning to do business in Belarus, it’s important to know about all aspects of employment law.
As an initial step, it’s a good idea to find a local lawyer in Belarus who can help you understand the employment regulations and keep you up to date on any changes.
Employment contracts can be drawn up for:
In Belarus, an employment contract can be terminated in the following circumstances:
Employment law protects employees in Belarus by restricting the grounds on which an employer can dismiss staff.
Further details on the dismissal regulations of Belarus are outlined in Article 42 of the Labour Code.
Businesses in Belarus are free to decide on their own form, system, and size of labor remuneration depending on the collective labor agreement, the labor remuneration agreement, and the labor contract.
However, salaries paid by a vast majority of Belarusian enterprises are structured according to the tariff system.
There is also a system of state guarantees with regard to labor remuneration. The minimal salary is the key instrument. Its size is set and regularly indexed by the government.
Employees are entitled to maternity leave in Belarus. The maternity leave in Belarus is one of the world’s longest. For the sake of increasing the population number and the birth rate the government has implemented a set of measures to support mothers and large families.
The current maternity leave entitlement in Belarus is:
The employment of foreign citizens in Belarus is regulated by the laws on the legal status of foreign citizens and stateless persons in the Republic of Belarus, on external labor migration, and by international agreements.
Russian Federation citizens enjoy employment rights equal to those of Belarusians in accordance with the bilateral agreement signed by Belarus and Russia.
Apart from that, the Eurasian Economic Union Treaty regulates the employment of citizens of Russia, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan in Belarus and the other four countries.
Traditionally trade unions have been active in Belarus. Over 4 million people are members of the trade unions or over 95% of the employed population.
The Federation of Trade Unions of Belarus (TUFB) is the core of the trade unions system. It comprises 28 trade unions focusing on specific branches of the economy, six oblast trade unions, and one trade union in the city of Minsk in addition to 137 district and city associations.
The Belarusian government has introduced strict requirements for the operation of trade unions, yet their influence has not been affected. They are still effective at protecting rights of the employed.
Employment relations in Belarus are primarily regulated by: