The Council of the Republic is a chamber of territorial representation and is elected for a four-year term.
Eight members of the Council of the Republic representing every region and the city of Minsk are elected by secret ballot at sessions of members of city and regional councils of deputies. Eight members of the Council of the Republic are appointed by the President of the Republic of Belarus.
Elections of the Members of the Council of the Republic of a new convocation are appointed not later then 4 months and are held not later than 30 days before the termination of authorities of the Council of the Republic of the current convocation.
On 6 June 2016 President of Belarus signed the decrees concerning the timing of the parliamentary elections. The elections to the House of Representatives will be held on 11 September 2016; the elections to the Council of the Republic are scheduled for 18 June - 18 September 2016.
A member of the Council of the Republic must be a citizen of the Republic of Belarus, at least 30 years old, who has lived in the territory of the respective region or the City of Minsk for no less than five years and who has no prior criminal record.
The nomination of candidates to the Council of the Republic starts 90 days and ends 60 days before the termination of authority of the Council of the Republic of the current convocation.
The candidates to the Council of the Republic nominated by an oblast are elected at the joint meeting of the administration of the local representative and executive bodies of the city or the region of the oblast.
Candidates to the Council of the Republic are registered by the Central Election Commission.
The registration starts 60 days and ends 55 days prior to the termination of authority of the Council of the Republic of the current convocation.
Members of the Council of the Republic nominated by the oblasts are elected at the meetings, where all the deputies of regional and municipal councils of the given region are present.
Members of the Council of the Republic from the city of Minsk are elected at the meeting of the City Council of deputies (as administrative districts within the capital do not have district representative bodies).
Secret voting is held following program speeches of the candidates and public discussions of the candidacy.
To be elected to the Council of the Republic a candidate must receive more than 50% of the votes of the deputies.
If the necessary number of candidates is not elected in a first round vote, a second round is held.