The House of Representatives consists of 110 deputies and is elected for a 4-year term.
Elections to the House of Representatives are held in a single member constituency. A candidate for deputy may stand for elections only in one constituency.
Elections of a new House of Representatives are appointed not later than 4 months and conducted not later than 30 days before the termination of authority of the current House.
On 18 June 2012 President of Belarus signed the decrees concerning the timing of the parliamentary elections. The elections to the House of Representatives will be held on 23 September 2012; the elections to the Council of the Republic are scheduled for 30 June - 30 September 2012.
Persons seeking nomination and registration as candidates must be Belarusian citizens, at least 21 years old permanently living in the Republic of Belarus and who have no prior criminal record.
Candidates for deputies are nominated by political parties (registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Belarus not later than 6 months before the appointment of elections), as well as citizens (by labour collectives and through the collection of signatures).
Nomination of candidates for deputies starts 70 days and ends 40 days prior to the elections.
Candidates for deputies of the House of Representatives from political parties are nominated by the superior bodies of the political parties.
Candidates for deputies of the House of Representatives can be nominated by labour collectives during meetings of voters providing the collective comprises a minimum of 300 people and at least half of them participate in the meeting.
Candidates for deputies of the House of Representatives can be self-nominated, which requires the formation of initiative groups comprising at least 10 persons to collect a minimum of 1,000 valid signatures from voters in a given constituency in support of the candidate.
A decision to register a candidate for deputy of the House of Representatives is taken by the district election commission after it has verified the validity of the nomination documents.
A candidate for deputy of the House of Representatives is considered elected in the first round of elections in a constituency if he gains more than half of votes and if the elections are recognized as valid.
Elections are considered valid when more than half of voters of a given constituency included in the list of citizens eligible for voting have participated in the elections.
If no candidate for deputies of the House of the Representatives receives the necessary number of votes in a first-round vote, a second round is held within two weeks between the two candidates who placed highest in the first round in a given constituency.
Election in the second round of voting are considered as valid if more than 25 percent of voters included in the list of citizens eligible for voting have participated in the voting. A candidate for deputy is considered elected when he wins the majority of votes.